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Materials

Novel materials for harsh & high-stress environments

Next generation materials

With problem solving in our DNA, we can recommend the right materials for the best possible outcome. Together with our technology, the possibilities are limitless:

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Near net shape manufacture
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3D freeform components
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MetaMaterials
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Functional coatings
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Joining dissimilar metals

The best materials for
any application

Create bespoke,
heterogeneous alloysA heterogeneous alloy is a mixture of two or more distinct, separate materials existing as separate phases in the matrix.
with new
metal combinationsIn creating heterogeneous alloys, we can combine materials that typically don't go together to reap the intrinsic benefits of each – such as coating copper with stainless steel (without needing to melt it) or blending titanium with ceramic.
– then use our TKF AM system to create multi-metal parts with unparalleled material capabilities.

Aluminium is an abundant, low density metal which offers high plasticity, corrosion resistance, and electrical and thermal conductivity. It’s an easy to process metal and has wide applications as electrical aluminium, including applications for busbars, wires, cabling, and heat exchangers, coolers, and chemical equipment.

Aluminium-based Blends

Aluminium and zinc powders can be blended together to repair and protect against corrosion or mechanical damage in magnesium and aluminium alloys. As a binder, it acts as a sublayer for conductive coatings on erosion-sensitive substrates like glass and ceramics. As a coating, it builds up quickly with a smooth surface and is easy to machine – making it ideal for filling flaws, freckles, cracks and other defects.

Titanium is one of the Earth’s most abundant metals, laying within its crust. Historically, titanium has been cost prohibitive to manufacture with, although its properties are desirable. Titomic was founded to create a technology which could utilise titanium in manufacturing at a reduced cost. With Titomic Kinetic Fusion, we’re enabling the manufacture of titanium parts to a near-net-shape, cutting material cost and waste by 80%. Titanium is also as strong as steel, at roughly half its weight. With TKF, we’re unlocking commercially feasible titanium manufacturing on a large scale.

Titanium is also highly resistant to corrosion, making it suitable for corrosive environments within the chemical and oil & gas sectors.

Various mixes of nickel, aluminium oxide and zinc offer high-temperature corrosion protection and heat resistance to steel and aluminium parts – as well as filling cavities, cracks and other defects on cast iron parts. Fast layering, easy to machine and providing a smooth surface, the blends also provide an electrically conductive coating for electrical equipment contact platforms.

In 5000 BC; copper was the first metal to be cast into a shape or mould. Today, the popularity for the soft, malleable, and ductile metal remains. Copper offers very high thermal and electrical conductivity, and offers antimicrobial, antibiofouling benefits. Copper is often used in electrical manufacturing for items such as wires, cabling, electric motors, renewable energy production, and electronics.


Copper-based Blends

Various mixes of copper, zinc and aluminium oxide can be applied to metal substrates as conductive, decorative, antibacterial, antifouling and anticorrosive coatings. The blend also fills cavities, cracks and other defects on steel cast iron, bronze and brass parts – as well as coating aluminium, steel, cast iron, ceramic and glass surfaces for tin soldering.

Combine carbon and metal/semi-metallic compounds with other materials to create stronger, more durable cold spray coatings for corrosion, wear and impact protection – and to boost the performance of shafts and housings in a variety of vehicles and plant equipment. We can also apply engineered materials as a safer alternative to dangerous, harmful materials like electroplated hard chrome.

Various mixes of zinc, aluminium and aluminium oxide powders provide corrosion protection to steel and aluminium parts. The blends are also ideal for repairing corrosion or mechanical damage, clamping marks, holes, scratches, cracks, craters and other defects in steel, cast-iron or aluminium appliances – as well as in radiators, condensers, heat exchangers and more.

Pure silver and various powder blends can be used for electrically conductive coatings on copper, aluminium, steel, metal alloys, glass and ceramics.

Tin and aluminium oxide powders can be blended together for conductive and decorative coatings to metal substrates – as well as anti-corrosive coatings for electric power connector contact areas and other electrical equipment.

Babbitt

Repair damaged babbitt layers in slide bearings and electrically conductive coatings on plastics.

As one of the most corrosion-resistant elemental metals, tantalum provides improved performance to a range of substrates. And with a melting point of 2996°C, it’s a strong choice for high-temperature applications – from aircraft engines to rocket projectiles, and within the nuclear and chemical sectors. With a high atomic mass and density, it’s also useful for spacecraft radiation shielding.

Chemically stable, highly conductive and malleable with an impressive ability to conduct heat and reflect light, gold is ideal for manufacturing electronics – as well as ultraviolet radiation shielding for aerospace, and producing surgical instruments and semiconductors.

Our high performance alloys

AISI 4330 UNS J24045
Characteristics
  • Fine-grained, medium carbon, chromium-nickel-molybdenum alloy steel
  • Superior strength, toughness, hardenability and low temperature impact properties
Applications
  • High-performance applications that need toughness and wear resistance
  • Aerospace, defence, oil and gas
Mechanical Properties 1TKF CSAM
Heat Treatment 1Heat Treatment 2
Hardness Rockwell C38 HRC28 HRC
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)1300MPa (188 ksi)950MPa (138 ksi)
Yield Tensile Strength (YTS)1180MPa (171 ksi)860MPa (124 ksi)
Elongation (%)812

1 ASTM E8 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

Commercially Pure Titanium (CP-Ti)
Characteristics
  • Commercially Pure Titanium powder may be manufactured using the hydrogenation-dehydrogenation (HDH) process, which provides cost-effective irregular morphology powders that are uniquely processable with the TKF CSAM (Titomic Kinetic Fusion Cold Spray Additive Manufacturing) process. 

Applications
  •  Superior specific strength (strength to weight ratio), ductility, and corrosion resistance is required. 

  •  Aerospace structures, corrosion resistant parts, tanks, pressure vessels, piping components (tubes/valves/flanges), heat exchangers and many more industrial components.

Mechanical Properties1, 2, 3TKF CSAM
(Recipe 1)
TKF CSAM
(Recipe 2)
TKF CSAM
(Recipe 3)
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)863 MPa (125 ksi)727 MPa (105 ksi)784 MPa (114 ksi)
Yield Tensile Strength (YTS)817 MPa (118 ksi)619 MPa (90 ksi)708 MPa (103 ksi)
Elongation at Break (%)31014
Post ProcessingHeat TreatedHeat TreatedHeat Treated + HIP
Density>99.5%

1 Various grades and/or chemical compositions of TKF CP-Ti parts can be tailored. Contact Titomic for further information
2 Rotationally fabricated coupon stock produced on Titomic TKF1000 system
3 ASTM E8 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

Inconel 718
Characteristics
  • Inconel 718 is a nickel-based super alloy that is well suited for applications requiring high strength in temperature ranges from cryogenic up to 760oC (1400°F). 

Applications
  •  This alloy provides high strength and excellent corrosion resistance in seawater. 

  •  Outside of aerospace, the largest single market for Inconel 718 is in assorted Oil & Gas applications. Common applications included fasteners, valve gates, seats, stems and trim. 

Mechanical PropertyTKF CSAM Heat Treatment 1TKF CSAM Heat Treatment 2
Hardness Rockwell C33 HRC20 HRC
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)1,145 MPa (166 ksi)1,080 MPa (157 ksi)
Yield Tensile Strength (YTS)977 MPa (141 ksi)680 MPa (99 ksi)
Elongation (%)828
Invar36
Characteristics
  • Invar36® is a 36% nickel-iron alloy possessing a near zero rate of thermal expansion from around -100oC (-148oF) up to 200oC (392oF) that is around a tenth of the expansion rate of carbon steels. 

Applications
  •  Advanced composite moulds for aerospace industry scientific instruments, thermostats and cryogenic instrumentation, magnetic shielding, small electrical transformers, metrology devices, precision condenser blades, electrical circuit breakers, radar and microwave cavity resonators, special electronic housings, seals, spacers, and specialised frames, high voltage transmission lines.

Mechanical PropertyTKF CSAM Heat Treated
Hardness Rockwell C71 HRB
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)511 MPa (74 ksi)
Yield Tensile Strength (YTS)367 MPa (53 ksi)
Elongation (%)26
Stainless Steel 304L
Characteristics
  • Stainless Steel 304 is a commonly used class of stainless steel. It is an austenitic, corrosion-resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability. 

Applications
  • Used in the aerospace industry where parts require high-strength, corrosion, and temperature resistance. 

  •  Typical applications are for aerospace and defence structures, chemical tanks, railing and trim in marine environments as well as piping, tubing and heat exchanger applications where corrosion resistance is key. 

Mechanical PropertyTKF CSAM Heat Treated
Hardness Rockwell B203 HRB
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)645 MPa (93 ksi)
Yield Tensile Strength (YTS)348 MPa (50 ksi)
Elongation (%)32 (typ.)

Our cold spray powders

Aluminium and zinc powder mixture
A-20-10

Blend for deposition to erosion sensitive substrates.

Babbitt powder
B-83-100-40

Repair slide bearings & electrically conductive coatings on plastics.

Copper and zinc powder mixture
C-03-10

Deposition to erosion sensitive substrates and conductive coatings.

Aluminium oxide and zinc powder mixture
K-00-11

Fast layering, relatively smooth surface and easy to machine.

Copper and aluminium oxide powder mixture
K-01-01

For deposition to metal substrates as coating.

Aluminium oxide, copper and zinc powder mixture
K-01-11

Fast layering, relatively smooth surface and easy to machine.

Aluminium oxide and aluminium powder mixture
K-10-01

Fast layering, relatively smooth surface and easy to machine.

Aluminium oxide, aluminium and zinc powder mixture
K-20-11

Fast layering, relatively smooth surface and easy to machine.

Aluminium oxide and nickel powder mixture
K-32

High-temperature corrosion protection on steel and aluminium parts.

Aluminium oxide and silver powder mixture
K-47

Electrically conductive coating on metal alloys, glass or ceramics.

Aluminium oxide, aluminium and zinc powder mixture
K-80-13

Builds up relatively fast with a smooth surface and easy to machine.

Aluminium oxide, nickel and zinc powder mixture
K-714

Fast layering, relatively smooth surface and easy to machine.

Aluminium oxide and tin powder mixture
T-25

Fast layering, relatively smooth surface and easy to machine.

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More than materials

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